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Course Description

 

The goal of this course is to offer a practical guide on developing the practical skills required to deliver effective public presentations.

It can be used as either a short, intensive course, or integrated into a longer, more general programme for teaching English.

This guide will help students to:

               make a clear well-organised presentation for all levels of study at university, as well as presentations geared towards business or research;

               reflect on, and learn from, what has been learned;

               make sure that both organising, and giving presentations or public speeches of any kind, become a pleasure and not a burden.

The course consists of sections, logically arranged to ensure that students are fully aware of what is expected of them before they begin their practical training. First and foremost, students should acquire a clear understanding of what a presentation involves, and which preparations are required in advance of the talk (the objectives of the talk, who is the audience, knowledge of the location, which equipment is required, etc.).

The course is split into two main sections: preparation and delivery, with the latter subdivided into four parts: the introduction, main body, conclusion and questions from the audience. Each section has an introductory segment covering the most essential issues to focus on, as well as a practical segment offering a variety of different exercises to help students acquire the practical skills required to give an effective presentation.

The course will deliver one segment at a time, combining theoretical teachings with practical exercises, with the course expected to last between 5-7 sessions.

We recommend that students start preparing their own presentations immediately after the first session, planning each section in accordance with the course sessions. In other words, after each session the students should use their new knowledge to shape their presentations, share their progress at the following session, and allow lecturers and fellow students to provide constructive criticism and feedback on the work done.

Proceeding components of the course will be taught in a similar manner, with each segment comprising of pre-lecture reading, individual preparation, and a presentation to the group. This would allow a greater absorption in the lessons, and a more frequent use of new words and phrases, resulting in a far higher rate of retention and understanding.

Upon completion of these core classes, students will be required to deliver their presentations in full, while the fellow students will then discuss and reflect on them within the guidelines suggested at the end of the course booklet. Through this students will both gain valuable experience in preparing and delivering a presentation to an audience, and will receive constructive criticism from lecturers and their student peers, resulting in the acquisition of all the key skills needed to deliver quality presentations to a variety of audiences.


 

What is a presentation?

A presentation is a formal talk to one or more persons that presents ideas or information in a clear, structured way. All presentations have a common objective: they are given in order to inform, train, persuade or sell. The key factors of any successful presentation are:

               the audience;

               the contents of the presentation itself;

               and the presenter.

The starting point should always be the audience. If you consider their needs and interests you cannot get off to a bad start.

 

1. Preparation

 

Can you name the three most important things involved in giving any presentation?

Number 1 is..Preparation

Number 2 is..Preparation!

Number 3 is..Preparation!!

Preparation is everything!

With good preparation and planning you will be totally confident and less nervous. And your audience will feed on that confidence too. And this will give you control of your audience and your presentation. With control you will be in charge and your audience will listen positively to your message.

Objective

Before you start preparing your presentation you should ask yourself: Why am I giving this presentation? If your objective is not clear to you, it cannot possibly be clear to your audience.

Timing

You only have a limited amount of time in which to tell the audience what they need to know, rather than everything that you know.

Method

How should you give your presentation? Which approach should you use? Formal or informal? Should you include visual aids, and if so, how many? Will anecdotes and humour play a part in your presentation?

Structure of the presentation.

A well organized presentation with a clear structure is easier for the audience to follow. It is therefore more effective. You should organize the points you wish to make in a logical order. Most presentations consist of three parts, followed by questions: The beginning is ideal for an attention grabber or for an ice breaker. The end is great to wrap things up or to end with a grand finale.

 

Beginning

Short introduction

welcome your audience

introduce your subject

explain the structure of your presentation

explain rules for questions

Middle

Body of the presentation

present the subject itself

End

Short conclusion

summarise your presentation

thank your audience

invite questions

Questions and Answers

 

 

Rehearsal

"If you fail to prepare, you are prepared to fail". Plan to rehearse your presentation out loud at least 4 times, and if you can get word perfect so much the better.

Rehearse against the clock. If you have to give a presentation in a short period of time then try to practice your presentation against the clock. This is particularly true when your time is limited by, say 10-15 minutes. You can add in parts from the script or take them out to fit the time.

In the actual presentation you could take in a clock or take off your wrist watch and put it on the podium. This way you can see how the timings can develop.

Rehearsal is a vital part of preparation. This will have the following benefits:

               you will become more familiar with what you want to say;

               you will identify weaknesses in your presentation;

               you will be able to practise difficult pronunciations;

               you will be able to check the time that your presentation takes and make any necessary modifications.

So prepare, prepare, prepare! Prepare everything: words, visual aids, timing, and equipment. Rehearse your presentation several times and time it.

               Is it the right length?

               Are you completely familiar with all your illustrations?

               Are they in the right order?

               Do you know who the audience is?

               How will you answer difficult questions?

               Do you know the room?

               Are you confident about the equipment?

When you have answered all these questions, you will be a confident, enthusiastic presenter ready to communicate the subject of your presentation to an eager audience.

At the end of the booklet you may find relevant Useful Vocabulary, which provides some phrases and hints and could make your preparation a bit easier.

 

Preparation Practice

 

Exercise 1.Complete the suggested questions, trying to formulate major aspects before starting preparation for a talk.

 

Planning

                   Purpose why and what?

                   Audience who and how many?

                   Premises do/does and is/are

Who __________________________________________?

What _________________________________________?

Why __________________________________________?

Where ________________________________________?

When _________________________________________?

How __________________________________________?

 

Exercise 2.Restore the original order of instructions on how to prepare for a successful presentation.

 

How to Prepare for a Presentation

The best way to perform a presentation well is to be prepared. Standing in front of a group reading from note cards and stumbling over your thoughts is not very convincing. With a little practice you can look like a pro by speaking clearly and in an organized fashion. Follow these steps to learn how.

Instructions

__

 

__

 

 

_1_

__

__

 

__

__

__

__

Be sure you know how to pronounce all the words correctly. Check with the dictionary if necessary.

Create an outline that includes an introduction, an overview of the main argument or purpose, the evidence used to support that argument, any critiques of the work and the conclusion.

Select the material you will use.

Research your topic of discussion and determine the purpose of your talk.

Talk through your presentation many times before presenting. Open your slides and actually click through them speaking your part out loud.

Know your audience and what it knows.

Prepare your handouts, if necessary.

Make sure that your talk fits in within the time limit of your presentation.

Create an outline (a plan) of what ideas you wish to cover.

 

Exercise 3. Checklist for Planning a Presentation. Arrange the following statements depending on whether they are advisable or not.

 

Dos

 

Donts

 

 

 

 

 

1.            Understand the interest level of the audience;

2.            Use jargon even if the audience doesnt understand it;

3.            Use simple language;

4.            Make the presentation focused, easy to understand;

5.            Prepare a logic tree;

6.            Skip any point of your presentation if you feel like;

7.            Be rigid in following a sequence according to your plan;

8.            Use any available sources for in-depth analysis;

9.            Be prepared for any kind of question from audience;

10.       Prepare cue cards;

11.       Ignore the audience during your talk, its their problem if they do not follow you;

12.       Insert abbreviations, such as AC, MBT, QA, etc., whenever possible to make your talk more short-spoken;

13.       Understand the audience question clearly;

14.       Provide handouts for additional information.

 

Exercise 4. Fill in the gaps with the words in the correct form or choose the right word from those suggested.

 

When you ________ (to make) a presentation, the first stage is to plan it. You _________(neednt/should) start by __________ (to think) about your audience who they are, what they ______(to know) about the subject and what they expect from you. Will they be interested, enthusiastic, cooperative or perhaps critical? _____you_________ (to present) to the group from your own culture or to people of different cultures? All these factors ________(to influence) the way you approach the presentation. If possible, try to visit the room where you__________(to give) the talk. Check the equipment and make sure your voice _________ (to carry) to the back of the room if you dont use a microphone. Look at the seating arrangements and make sure they are what you want.

Youre now ready to prepare what you _________ (to say). Stage one is the opening. A good opening is essential as you will be nervous and you _________(neednt/need to) grab the attention of the audience. You start by __________ (to introduce) yourself and then you use a technique to get the audiences interest. We call this the hook which focuses the audiences attention on what youre saying. You __________ (must/can) do this in various ways. You ________(must/can): ask a question; use a famous quotation; use a striking visual image; appeal directly to the audiences interests or needs. Once you have the audiences attention, you _________(neednt/should) tell them the structure of your presentation. You give them a map of the talk, with signposts along the route, so they know what you _______ (to cover) in your talk.

 

Exercise 5. The chart below provides some ideas on what is understood by a good delivery. Read the items and give your considerations. Explain your point.

 

A good presenter

1

OK

2

useful

3

v. useful

4

vital!!!

does not speak too quickly

 

 

 

 

is enthusiastic

 

 

 

 

looks at the audience/makes eye contact

 

 

 

 

is confident

 

 

 

 

is not monotone

 

 

 

 

explains the purpose of the talk

 

 

 

 

knows their subject

 

 

 

 

explains with interesting examples

 

 

 

 

reviews what theyve covered at the end of the session

 

 

 

 

 

Home assignment

Think of a topic on which you would like to give a presentation. Do not forget that the topic should be interesting for you and your audience. Make your preparation according to the theoretical guide. Make a plan for your talk and collect the material you may use.


 

2. Delivery

2.1 Introduction

 

The introduction phase sets the tone and expectations of a meeting or presentation. Although very often the presenter will typically introduce themselves to the audience, on other occasions a colleague or chairperson may introduce the speaker.

A complete introduction for a presentation includes the following parts:

               greeting;

               your name and position;

               title and subject of your talk;

               presentation objective;

               main parts of your talk;

               mention of the visual aids that you will use;

               time you will take;

               when you would like to answer questions;

               and a link to the first section of your presentation.

At the end of the booklet you may find relevant Useful Vocabulary.

 

Introduction Practice

 

Exercise 1.Match these less formal phrases with the more formal phrases in the table:

 

What I want to do today is Its good to see you all here.

OK, shall we get started? In my talk Ill tell you about...

Today Im going to talk about As you know, Im

Hi, everyone.

 

More formal

Less formal

1.     Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen.

 

2.     Its a pleasure to welcome you today.

 

3.     I suggest that we begin now.

 

4.     Let me just start by introducing myself. My name is

 

5.     Today I would like to

 

6.     In my presentation I would like to report on

 

7.     The topic of todays presentation is

 

 

Exercise 2. Replace the words in bold with the words from the box:

 

after that * begin * Im * realize * responsible for * sections * turn

 

1.     Ill start off by showing you

2.     Ive divided my presentation into three parts.

3.     For those of you who dont know me, my name is Gordon Smith.

4.     Then Ill move on to the problems

5.     Professor Brown is in charge of our new Plasma Laboratory.

6.     Im aware that youre all busy preparing for the seminar

 

Exercise 3. Match a sentence or phrase on the left with one from the right:

1. Please help yourselves

2. If we're all here,

3. I'd like to start by

4. I'd like to welcome Professor Smith.

5. After that I'd like to

6. Today, I'd like to talk about

7. If you have any questions,

a. describe the new project.

b. Thank you. It's good to be here.

c. to the handouts.

d. let's make a start.

e. please feel free to ask me.

f. outlining the plan for the day.

g. the success we've had with our research.

 

Exercise 4. Fill in the gaps in the sentences below with a preposition.

 

on from by as at on by

 

example: Thank you for coming.

a)     There are copies...........the table.

b)    I'd like to start...........outlining the process.

c)     It's good to have Professor Jackson here...........Stanford University.

d)    We can discuss any questions...........the end of the seminar.

e)     I want to focus...........the latest aircraft design.

f)      ...........the end of this session, you'll be able to teach your staff how to use this programme.

g)     I'm talking to you today...........the designer of this new robotic system.

 

Exercise 5. Complete the sentences with the correct word:

 

example: It's good to meet..you. have / take / meet

a)     Did everyone .................... a handout ? give / get / go

b)    Don't....................about taking notes. worry / remember / think

c)     Please ....................yourselves. meet/ have/ help

d)    Please feel ....................to stop me. expensive / free / open

e)     I'd like to ....................the previous survey. let / happen / describe

f)      I want to ....................on the results first. look / worry / focus

 

Exercise 6. Discuss these points in minigroups and present your ideas to the class:

 

1.     The first few minutes of a presentation are the most important.

2.     Words like we, us and our make the audience more interested in the subject of your presentation.

3.       Formal and informal ways of greeting the audience. Why is it important to find the proper words?

4.     What makes a successful speaker?

5.     How to get the audiences attention? Is it a good idea to make jokes or ask the audience rhetorical questions during your talk?

6.     Do presentation tricks help reveal the subject of your talk?

7.     Is there a special dress code for a presenter?

8.     How to deal with nervousness?

 

Exercise 7. Read the introductions and say what is wrong with them:

 

1.     Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemens.

2.     Hello, guys. Let me introduce myself. I am here in my function as the Head of the R&D (Research and Development Department). My name is Professor Brown. I should say it is a great honour to speak in front of such a distinguished audience.

3.     Good morning, colleagues. Im Doctor Smith from the University of Chicago. What Id like to present to you today is the topic which engages me greatly. I dont think many of you know much about it.

4.     Come on, guys! Shall we get started? As you probably know Im the new manager. You know Im very busy. So lets get started right now in order not to waste my time.

5.     Wow! How many of you have come! Its so unexpected. Im afraid I didnt realize that you would be interested in such a dull (let me be sincere with you) topic.

 

Home assignment

Create the opening part of your presentation in PowerPoint. Begin with a title page as the first slide. This should include the full title of the paper and your name. Please do not forget, that in English your last (family) name goes after your first (given name), i.e., Oleg Popov, and not otherwise. The next slide will be the plan of your talk. Besides, think of what you will say in the introduction.


 

2.2 Main Body

 

What information should you give in your talk? All the information should support the goal of your presentation. In most cases you will have to limit the content, as time is usually precious!

How much information should you give? Enough to clearly develop your ideas. Do not forget to illustrate through examples.

Here are a few possibilities for organizing your ideas: logical; chronological order; from general to specific; from known to unknown; from accepted to controversial; cause/effect; problem/solution. Whichever strategy you choose, the headings should all follow the same grammatical form. For example:

 

Foundations of aerodynamics

        Chord, camber and angle-of-attack;

        forces on the glinder in flight;

        Lift and drag.

All the above phrases have the same grammatical pattern

And not

Superconductivity

        Magnetic field is rather harmful; (a whole sentence)

        Expensive systems; (noun+attribute)

        Difficult to make wires. (contracted sentence)

 

Just as when you are driving along a road that you don't know very well, you depend on signs to guide you, you need to guide the audience by using expressions to tell them where you are going. For example, first announce what you are going to say (give an example, reformulate etc.) and then say what you want to say. This is akin to verbal punctuation. Indicate when you have finished one point and then go on to the next one. It is redundant in text but very useful in oral presentations. Experienced presenters will also clearly pause, change their pose and the pitch of their voice as they move from one part of a presentation to another.

At the end of the booklet you may find relevant Useful Vocabulary.

 

Main Body Practice

 

Exercise 1.Imagine that you are to give a presentation. Do the quiz about body language and discuss your answers with a partner. More than one answer is possible.

 

1.            What should you do when you feel nervous?

a.            Hold a pen or cards in your hands.

b.            Try to speak slowly and calmly.

c.             Look at the screen. (not at the audience)

2.            How should you express enthusiasm?

a.            By establishing eye contact with each member of the audience.

b.            By waving your arms.

c.             By raising your voice andmaking hand or arm gestures during important points.

3.            How should you stand?

a.            Relaxed or leaning against the wall (table).

b.            Straight, but relaxed with your hands by your sides.

c.             Arms crossed over your chest.

d.            Back turned to the audience.

4.            How should you maintain eye contact with the audience?

a.            Focus on a small amount of people and look at them as often as possible.

b.            Look at your notes, the screen or the floor.

c.             Spread your attention around the audience, and make eye contact with each person.

5.            How should you emphasise something?

a.            Move forward to show that something is important.

b.            Use a pen or a pointer to draw attention to important parts of the presentation.

c.             Use your finger to point out important parts of the presentation.

6.            How should you speak?

a.            Speak with the same, flat, monotonous voice throughout your presentation.

b.            At either normal speed or slightly slower than usual.

c.             Speak changing your voice in either a high or a low tone.

 

Exercise 2. Complete the list of signposting phrases with useful phrases from the box given below.

 

Lets go back to what we were discussing earlier

In this part of my presentation, Id like

Let me briefly summarize the main issues.

This brings me to the end of my second (third, etc.) point

As I said earlier

Lets now turn to the next issue

Id like to sum up the main points.

So much for

As I mentioned previously

Lets move on to the next point.

This leads us to my next point

Let me give you a brief overview of

 

1.     Saying what is coming in the next part

______________________________

______________________________

______________________________

 

2.     Moving on to the next point

______________________________

______________________________

______________________________

 

3.     Indicating the end of a section

______________________________

______________________________

______________________________

 

4.     Referring back to

______________________________

______________________________

______________________________

 

5.     Summarising a point

______________________________

______________________________

______________________________

 

 

Exercise 3. Match the two parts to make sentences.

 

1.       1. This brings

a.       a. the issue of environmental pollution.

2.       2. This leads

b.       b. come back to this question later.

3.       3. Lets now turn to

c.        c. we were discussing earlier.

4.       4. As I mentioned

d.       d. us directly to my next question.

5.       5. Id like to

e.        e. earlier, Id like to give you a brief overview of

6.       6. Lets go back to what

f.         f. Ill be focusing on the advantages of the technology.

7. 7. As I said earlier

g. g. to the next point, which is price.

 

Exercise 4. Complete the sentences with words from the box according to the meanings.

 

cope with

take care of

identify

clarify

deal with

 

I think its important to ______________the problem as soon as possible.

a.                 to find or discover a problem

b.                to make sth easier to understand

c.                 to solve a problem, to perform a task

d.                to deal successfully with sth difficult

e.                 to be responsible for or to deal with a situation or task

 

Exercise 5. Complete the sentences with words from the box

 

regarding

according to

concerns

apart from

in connection with/concerning

 

1. _____________ being too expensive, this model is also too big.

2. There are a few problems ____________ the quality.

3. Id like to mention some critical points ____________ performance capabilities.

4. Lets now turn to the next question which ___________ monitoring and control.

5. _____________ the handbook, the engine consumes less fuel.

 

Exercise 6. Match the two parts to make sentences used to describe visuals.

 

1.     1. On the next slide

a.     a. from this picture, the design is completely new.

2.     2. My next slide shows

b.     b. countries are involved in the project.

3.     3. As you can see

c.      c. how much the design has changed.

4.     4. Let me show you some

d.     d. show you the results of the latest research.

5.     5. To illustrate this Ill

e.      e. at the figures on the next slide.

6.     6. Lets now have a closer look

f.       f. which shows the development of the product design through the years.

7.     7. Here we can see how many

g.     g. interesting details.

8.     8. I have a slide

h.     h. you will see a photo of the aerodynamic turbine.

 

Exercise 7. Put the words in the right order to make expressions which can be used inthe main part of a presentation.

 

1.            Lets / point/ move on / the next / now to

____________________________________________________

2.            My aim is / about / developments / the latest / to inform you

____________________________________________________

3.            As I mentioned / give / Ill / a brief overview / you / earlier

____________________________________________________

4.            Moreover, / should / there are / interesting facts / we / other / take a look at.

____________________________________________________

5.            In addition to / that/ Id like / this, / to say

____________________________________________________

6.            With / regard to / need / project design, / more details. / we ____________________________________________________

7.            As / see / you / on the slide / can

____________________________________________________

 

Home assignment

Now that you have learned how to make the main body you may do the major part of your talk and speak on essence of the subject you have chosen. Take into consideration all useful tips given above.


 

2.3 Conclusion

 

Do not forget that last impressions are just as important as first impressions. Your conclusion is the place to make sure that you have planted the key ideas of your talk in your listeners minds. Do not miss the opportunity!

Here are some strategies of effective conclusions:

               Summarize the main points;

               Quote a famous person;

               Ask a provocative question or make a surprising statement;

               Use the sandwich technique, which means your introduction and conclusion are connected (like two slices of bread in a sandwich) and the main part is like the cheese in between. You should have a connection between the beginning and the end of your talk. If, for example, you start telling a joke in the introduction, stop at an exciting moment and move on to the main part. Then finish the joke in the conclusion.

At the end of the booklet you may find relevant Useful Vocabulary.

 

Conclusion Practice

 

Exercise 1. Complete the following sentences with the best preposition from the box.

 

into

for

as

with

for

in

of

up

through/over

by

in

 

example: I would like to conclude by thanking you all.

 

1.            So, to sum __________, I have presented three solutions.

2.            Let's put the plan ________practice.

3.            ______ conclusion I would like to say that.......

4.            Please feel free to get ______ touch______me.

5.            At this stage I would like to run ________the main points...

6.            I would like to finish _____ reminding everyone that......

7.            Thank you _____ listening.

8.             

Exercise 2. Match a phrase or sentence on the left with a phrase or sentence on the right.

 

1. I think this proves the point that

a. of the new design.

2. First, I outlined the old system;

b. for a few quick questions.

3. Finally, I'd like to

c. then, I explained the advantages of the new system.

4. I recommend the third option.

d. the experiment was conducted correctly.

5. If you need to get in touch with me,

e. There are two main reasons for this.

6. That sums up my description

f. my email address is on the screen.

7. There's just time

i. thank you all for listening this afternoon.

 

Exercise 3. Complete the following concluding paragraph with appropriate words from the box.

 

recommend

then

sum up

with

just

decide

attention

next

solutions

third

thank

time

 

So, to 1_________, I explained the problem 2__________the existing system and 3___________ presented three possible 4_____________.The first solution requires new equipment, the 5___________solution needs more research and the 6___________solution needs a complete change of strategy. We now need to 7____________which solution we will select. I 8 ____________ the third solution because it will be more efficient in the long run. Finally, I'd like to 9__________you for 10___________this afternoon. 11___________is nearly up, so we 12__________have a few minutes for questions.

 

Exercise 4. Choose the best word to complete each sentence.

 

example: I have covered the points I needed to.

a) covered b) spoken ) wanted d) advantage

 

1.            As well as pros, there are also....................

a) cons b) compromise ) advantages d) negative

2.            We have some time for a....................questions.

a) little b) few ) many d) much

3.            The....................disadvantage is the time it would take.

a) small b) large ) main d) certain

4.            Are there any....................questions or comments?

a) fast b) few ) more d) less

5.            That's the plan in ...

a) real b) idea ) general d) theory.

 

Exercise 5. Choose the phrases which could be used in the final part of your talk

 

I'm here today to inform you...

My purpose today is to introduce you to...

I'd like to finish saying that...

I will talk for fifteen minutes.

I'd like to conclude by reminding you that ...

My presentation is split into three key areas.

To sum up then, ...

There will be time for questions at the end...

In conclusion, may I remind you ..

Please feel free to interrupt me as I go along.

To summarise my main points ...

I'd like to review ...

I'm going to analyse ...

Let me end by ...

Let's now move on to ...

This brings me to ...

Finally, I'd like you to look at this graph.

To illustrate my point lets look at some diagrams.

 

Home assignment

Think carefully about an effective conclusion. Do not underestimate this part of your presentation!


 

2.4 Dealing with Questions

 

At the beginning of your talk you let the audience know when they can ask questions. You either suggest that the listeners should save their questions for the end or they may interrupt you at any moment to ask a question or make a comment. In any case, be polite to your listeners, respect them! Imagine yourself asking a question at a presentation and the speaker dismisses you instead of answering. How would you feel? Annoyed, ashamed, or probably disappointed? Moreover, it is rude not to answer a question. It is better to answer evasively rather than answer negatively.

If your listener not only asks you something, but also expresses his/her point of view which you do not share, learn to say: I agree with you/I see your point,but. This phrase will not let your listener feel incompetent. You will be equals discussing an important matter, and the atmosphere will become friendly.

Always make sure you have understood the question. Do not hesitate to ask the questioner to repeat it. Rephrase the question in your own words, if necessary, to check that you have understood it right.

At the end of the booklet you may find relevant Useful Vocabulary.

 

Dealing with Questions Practice

 

Exercise 1. Work with a partner. Ask each other questions below.

 

1.            Will you prefer questions during or after the presentation? Why?

2.            How will you prepare for the question period?

3.            How will you deal with questions you dont want to answer?

4.            What will you do if you cant answer the question?

 

Exercise 2. Match two phrases with similar meaning.

 

1. Well look at this point in more detail later on

a) Time has run out.

2. Does that answer your question?

b) Well discuss this problem later.

3. The time is up.

c) Thats not really what Ive been asked to talk about.

4. Can you give me an example to illustrate this?

d) Are you satisfied with the answer?

 

5. Could you rephrase that?

e) Could you reword that?

6. Thats not really part of todays discussion.

f) Let me recap the main points.

 

7. Let me summarise the points again.

g) Could you prove it with an example?

 

Exercise 3. Complete each sentence with a word on the right.

 

example: Let me round up. say / round / do

 

1.     I'd be..................to email you the details later.

sorry / agree / happy

2.     I'm.................I can't find the slide at the moment.

afraid / happy / regret

3.     . Let me...............that.

reply / return / rephrase

4.     If I ..you correctly.

understood / listened/ looked

5.     That's a good question. I'd actually...............to answer it at the end.

probably/willing/prefer

6.     ............... I repeat my question?

can / will / shall

7.     That's not..................what I meant.

really / probably / definitely

 

Exercise 4. Match a phrase on the left with the appropriate phrase on the right.

 

1.            Im afraid I didnt

2.            Could you rephrase

3.            If you dont mind

4.            Let me go back and explain

5.            Unfortunately time won't allow me

6.            How do you say that

7.            Ill be happy

a.       To answer your questions at the end.

b.       to describe the details of the graph.

c.        in English?

d.       Quite catch that.

e. Ill come back to this question later.

f. how we solved the problem.

g. your question, please?

 

 

Exercise 5. Look at the suggested questions and try to make them more polite.

 

Are there any other options?

What would that mean for us?

How do we compare with other projects?

Will we cooperate with other Universities of the UK?

How did she arrive at these results?

Are there any figures to back this up?

 

1.     May I ask if there are any other options?

2.     Do you mind telling me ________________?

3.     May I ask____________________________?

4.     Can you tell me_______________________?

5.     Would you mind telling me______________?

6.     Could you tell me______________________?

 

Exercise 6. Now match the questions from above to the answers.

 

a)                Of course. Basically we have two alternatives

b)                Well, first of all, more work for each of us.

c)                 Yes, we will. Ive already contacted the London University.

d)                Yes. As I said earlier, Ill be passing out handouts with the latest data.

e)                 Very well. At the moment we are on the top.

f)                  Not at all. They are based on the latest study.

 

Exercise 7. Decide whether the sentences below are correct or not. Put if they are correct and I if they are incorrect. Try to correct them.

 

example: I I'd prefer to answer your question in (at) the end.

a)      

___

What's the word I'm looking of?

b)     

___

I'm afraid that's not my area.

c)      

___

I'll just explain this last point shortly.

d)     

___

We only have a little minutes left.

e)      

___

We've almost run out of time.

f)       

___

That was the wrong word. Let me do again.

g)      

___

Weve heard you attentively.

h)     

___

Sorry, what should I have said was the following.

 

Home assignment

Although you cannot predict all the questions the audience might ask you sometimes it is possible to foresee some of them. Try to reveal these points and be prepared to answer. If you were a person from the audience, what would you ask?

 


 

Useful Vocabulary

THE BEGINNING OR THE INTRODUCTION

Getting the audience's attention and signaling the beginning.

Right.

Well.

OK.

Good.

Great.

Fine.

Let's begin.

Can we start?

Shall we start?

Let's get the ball rolling.

Let's get down to business

OK. If we're all here, let's begin.

If everyone's ready, let's start.

Welcoming the audience

Hello

Good morning

Good afternoon

Good evening

ladies and gentlemen

members of the jury

esteemed guests

members of the board

fellow colleagues

dear friends

everyone

dear guests

Its a pleasure to welcome you today.

Its good to see you all here.

Thank you all for coming.

Introducing yourself or someone

 

Let me introduce myself, Im Mike Petrov from

I'd like to start by introducing myself. My name is...

I am very pleased and proud to introduce ...who is....

Now I'll turn the floor over to today's speaker, (to take the floor, to have the floor, to give the floor to someone.)

Giving your position, function department

 

I am a student at the BMSTU... /I am a doctoral candidate/

I am a researcher from ...

Introducing your topic

 

The subject/ topic of my presentation is...

In my presentation I would like to report on

The theme of my talk is...

Today I'm going to talk about...

What Id like to present to you today is

I've been asked to give you an overview of...

Saying why your topic is relevant for your audience

 

Ive chosen to speak about this because...

Todays topic is of particular interest to those of you/us who

My topic is/will be very important for you because

By the end of this talk you will be familiar with

Stating your purpose

 

The purpose/objective/aim of this presentation is to

My objective is to

Today Id like to give you an overview of

What I would like to do today is to explain/ to illustrate.../to give you the essential background information on.../ to outline.../ to have a look at...

What I want my listeners to get out of my speech is...

Structuring and sequencing

 

Ive divided my presentation into three main parts.

In my presentation Ill focus on four major issues.

First Ill be looking at, after that Ill move on to, next/then/after that. And finally/ Ill end with...

Ive broken my speech down/up into X parts.

In the first part Ill / In the next section Ill/ In part three, I am going to show.../ and in the last part Id like to

Timing

 

My presentation/talk will take/will last about

It will take about 15 minutes to cover these issues.

I have limited my speech to

Handouts

 

Does everyone have a handout? Please take one and pass them on.

Dont worry about taking notes. Ive put all the key information on a handout for you.

Ill be handing out copies of the slides at the end of my presentation.

I can email my presentation to anybody who wants it.

Questions and comments from the audience

 

I'd ask you to save your questions for the end.

There will be time for your questions at the end of my talk.

Feel free to ask questions at any time during my talk.

You may interrupt me at any moment to ask questions or make comments.

Please stop me if you don't understand anything I say but could you keep any specific questions until after I've finished.

 

EFFECTIVE OPENING

Asking a question or recognizing the knowledge of the audience

 

Have you ever heard of...?

You may already know...

I feel sure that some of you...

Every day you encounter...

You've probably seen countless times...

You may have wondered...

Problem to think about

 

Imagine you had to What would be your first step?

Interesting fact

Did you know that?

Id like to share an amazing fact/figure with you

 

THE MAIN BODY

Saying what is coming

 

Now let us turn to point one.

In this part of my presentation, Id like to talk about

Indicating the end of a section

 

This brings me to the end of my first point.

So much for point two.

Thats all I wanted to say about

Moving on to the next point

 

This leads us directly to my next point.

This brings us to the next point/issue/problem.

Lets now move on to/ turn to

Lets now take a look at

Referring to

what you have said previously

As I have already said/ mentioned/ explained earlier...

As we saw in part one...

To repeat what I've already said...

Giving an example

 

Now let's take an example.

An example of this can be found...

To illustrate this...

Let's see this through an example.

For example/ for instance /e.g.

Rephrasing

 

Let me rephrase that,

In other words

Another way of saying the same thing is

That is to say, for example ...

Summarizing a point

 

Before I move on, Id like to recap the main points.

Id like to summarize what Ive said so far

To summarize/ To sum up

Let me summarize by saying

So that concludes my overview

Briefly said/ In short,

What I've tried to show in this part...

Emphasizing a point

 

What is very significant is...

What is important to remember...

I'd like to emphasize the fact that...

I'd like to stress the importance of...

To highlight.../To underline...

What I tried to bring out...

What we need to focus on...

Referring to what is coming

 

We will see this a little later on.

This will be the subject of part 3.

We will go into more detail on that later.

Referring to

what an expert says:

 

I quote the words of ...

In the words of...

According to...

Here I'd like to quote...

As Mr. Brown says in his book...

There is a famous quotation that goes...

Referring to

common knowledge

 

As you all may well know...

It is generally accepted that...

As you are probably aware (of)...

 

CONCLUSION

Indicating the end of your talk

 

Im approaching/ nearing the end of my presentation.

Well, this brings me to the end of my presentation.

As a final point, Id like to

Finally, Id like to highlight one key issue.

Summarizing points

 

To conclude/sum up/ In conclusion, Id like to

Let me go over the key issues again.

I'd like to summarize/sum up the main points of my talk

At this stage I would like to run through/over the main points...

So, as we have seen today....

In conclusion I would like to say that...

Making recommendations

 

As a result I suggest that...

In the light of what we have discussed today I suggest that...

My first proposal is...

My final comments concern...

Inviting questions

 

Are there any questions?

I'd be happy to answer any questions you may have

If there are any questions please feel free to ask.

Thank you very much for your attention and if there are any questions

 

DEALING WITH QUESTIONS

Clarifying a question

 

Im afraid I didnt quite catch that.

Im sorry, could you repeat your question, please?

If I understood you correctly, you would like to know whether

If I could just rephrase your question, youd like to know

Does that answer your question?

Avoiding giving an answer

 

Im afraid thats not really what we were discussing today.

I saw that in the work of...

Admitting you

dont know

 

Sorry, thats not my field./ Sorry, thats off the top of my head.

Im afraid Im not in a position to answer that question at the moment.

Im afraid I dont know the answer to your question, but I will try to find it out for you.

Delaying the answer

 

I'm glad you asked that question.

That's a good question/point/remark.

Can I answer that question later?

If you dont mind, Ill come back to this point later in my presentation.

Can we get back to this point a bit later?

Would you mind waiting until the question and answer session at the end?

Agreeing

I agree with you 100 percent.

I couldn't agree with you more.

That's true.

That's for sure.

You're absolutely right.

Absolutely.

That's exactly how I feel.

Exactly.

I'm afraid I agree with Peter.

I have to side with Dad on this one.

No doubt about it.

(weak) I suppose so./I guess so.

You have a point there.

I was just going to say that.

I agree with you but there is another way of looking at it.

Disagreeing

I don't think so.

(strong) No way.

I'm afraid I disagree.

(strong) I totally disagree.

That's not entirely true.

On the contrary

I'm sorry to disagree with you, but

Yes, but don't you think

That's not the same thing at all.

I'm afraid I have to disagree.

I'm not so sure about that.

I must take issue with you on that.

It's unjustifiable to say that...

I beg to differ.

(strong) I'd say the exact opposite.

Not necessarily.

That's not always true.

That's not always the case.

No, I'm not so sure about that.

 

 

 


Glossary

A

akin to - -/-

appeal - , , , ( -.)

approach - ( , )

argument - , ,

attention grabber

C

catch - . (, )

cause/effect /

chairperson - ( )

clarify - . ; ( -.)

concern - , ,

confidence

content

controversial - . , ;

convincing

cooperative - , ; ; ,

cope with ()

cover - . , ( , )

cue cards/note cards . -

D

dull - .

E

encounter . ) () , ( -.) Syn: meet ) (), ()

essential . ; ;

esteemed (guest) - , ; ,

eye contact -

F

feel free - , ( -.)

field . ,

flat (voice) - . , , ,

floor , . ,

G

get down to business -

get the ball rolling ,

graph - , , ;

H

handouts

hesitate -

highlight - 1) ; Syn: feature 2) , 3)

hint -

hook

I

ice-breaker , .

in-depth analysis -

installation - . ; ;

issue - . ; ; ;

J

jargon - ;

K

key factors

O

option . 1) , , ()

outline - . , ; ;

overview - 1) ( -. ); 2) ()

P

pitch of their voice - (, ),

point - . , , ;

pointer

position - . , be in a position to do smth. , -.

precious . ;

premises .

proposal - n.

pro - . . professional

purpose (syn. aim, goal) n.

Q

quote v.

quotation n. ,

R

recap - recapitulate ,

refer . (refer to) ; ( -. / -.)

rephrase -

redundant - . ,

refer back .

remark - ;

rephrase -

responsible (for) / in charge of ()

rigid - 1) ; ; 2) ;

run through/over - ( ..),

S

sequence

signpost - ; ,

share - . to share one's problems with smb. -.

skip - ,

solution - . (, )

staff ,

stance - , ; syn: pose , posture

subject - . ,

summarise - .

survey - .,

T

take care of . , (, )

title - 1) ) , , Syn: heading, name; 2) ,

trick - . , ;

V

visual aids - ,

vital - () , , ;

W

with regard to - ; ; Syn: with respect to , in respect of , concerning

 

 


Contents

 

Course Description

What is a presentation?

1. Preparation

2. Delivery

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Main Body

2.3 Conclusion

2.4 Dealing with Questions

Useful Vocabulary

Glossary

References

 


 

 

References

1.            Alley, M.: The craft of Scientific presentations; critical steps to succeed and critical errors to avoid, Springer, 2003.

2.            Chivers, B. and Shoolbred, M.: A students guide to presentations: making your presentations count, SAGE Publications, 2007.

3.            Freitag-Lawrence, A.: Business Presentations, Longman, 2007.

4.            Grussendorf, M.: English for presentations, Oxford University Press, 2011.

5.            Dignen, B. Fifty ways to improve your presentation skills in English, Summertown Publishing, 2007.

6.            Powell, M., Presenting in English, how to give successful presentations, THOMSON Heinle, 1996.

7.            Moss, J., Lee, C., Atkinson P., Presenting for Success, Business English Pod Ltd., 2007.

8.            Kaul, A., The Effective Presentation, Talk your way to success, Response Books, 2005.

9.            Lomas, B. Giving Confident Presentations, Rowmark, 2002.

10.       Pincus, M., Boost Your Presentation IQ, McGraw Hill, 2006.

11.       Van Emden, J. and Becker, L. Presentation Skills for Students, Palgrave MacMillan, 2004.

12.       Storz et. el. Oral Presentation Skills, A Practical Guide, Evry France, 2002.

Dictionaries

1.     ABBYY Lingvo X5.

2.     Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary, 8th edition, Oxford, 2010.